CAFE strategies for Parents
Check for Understanding – COMPREHENSION
- Ask your child to find the WHO and the WHAT on each page
- Use sticky/post it notes to label them
Cross Checking – ACCURACY
- Children learn 3 actions with their hands
- Each hand move represents a different question
- Does it look right?
- Does it sound right?
- Does it make sense?
- When a child makes an error they should ask themselves these questions to learn to self-correct.
Tune in to interesting words - EXPANDING VOCABULARY
- Discuss what is an interesting word
- It could be interesting because it rhymes, is a new word, it sounds different, looks different or is just relevant to the student.
- Always talk to your child about the meanings of words
- Remember that just because a student can say a word does not mean they know what it means
- Not knowing what a word means affects overall understanding
Back up and Re-Read - COMPREHENSION
- Remind your child that this strategy goes with cross checking.
- After a child makes an error ask them to back up and re-read
- This strategy should be used all the time
- It teaches your child to stop and go back so they can cross check
Read appropriate level texts - ACCURACY
- Teachers will determine types of books
- Trust this judgment
- Even if a student can read the words in a book, they may lack comprehension
Voracious Reading - FLUENCY
- Teachers explain that this is eager and enthusiastic reading
- We model ‘robot’ reading and talk about why it’s boring
- We talk about changing tone of voice
- Children need lots of practice in this skill
Use prior knowledge to connect with text - COMPREHENSION
- We teach children to recall things they already know about a topic before they read a book
- During book introductions prior knowledge of a topic should be discussed
- Vocab relating to a topic should also be discussed
Make a picture or mental image - COMPREHENSION
- Teach children to visualize in their minds
- Where am i? which is a great game to help children with this skill
- Talk about what setting or characters in a book may look like
Use the pictures - ACCURACY
- Always look at picture during book introductions
- Discuss what can be seen to introduce vocabulary that may be unknown
- Always allow students to look at pictures
Retell the story - COMPREHENSION
Really important strategy
- After reading get children to retell 5 events from the story.
- Use fingers to reference
- Talk about beginning, middle and end of story
Use beginning and ending sounds - ACCURACY
- When your child gets stuck on a word allow them some time to pause.
- Then prompt them by asking them to identify the initial sound and then the final sound. This often assists the child to link the sounds and ultimately read the word.
- If this does not work always tell your child but praise their efforts.
Skip the word then come back - ACCURACY
- When your child comes to a word they do not know encourage them to skip it.
- When they return to the word they may need assistance to figure it out.
- A great way to assist your child with this strategy is to cover a known word with sticky notes. When they read the word is skipped. On return a letter at a time is revealed and the child attempts to figure out the word.
Flip the sound - ACCURACY
- When children are reading a word and it sounds wrong it may be because they are using the wrong sounds.
- When using this strategy we teach children to recall all sounds a letter makes. Eg Phillip is pronounced Filip not P-hill- ip.
- Knowing that a letter has more than one sound is a vital strategy to decode words
Chunk letters and sounds together
- We teach the children to break words into smaller parts to help decode
- Breaking words up and then re-joining
- An example would be – temperature temp er at ure
Use pictures, illustrations and diagrams
- Always ask your child to refer to pictures in a text
- Often the vital clues may be in the pictures
- Pictures can also assist your child with difficult vocabulary
Ask someone to define a word for you
- When reading your child may encounter a new word or may say a word but not know it’s meaning
- Always discuss word meanings. You may like to look for new words before even reading the book.
- This strategy helps with overall comprehension
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